|What is a summary?||
A summary is a condensed rewrite of a passage in your own words and style, so that it is significantly shorter than the original. A summary should be brief, presenting only the most important ideas of a passage. Summaries should take a broad overview of the source material, including only the main points.
You need to include a citation every time you summarize.
|When should I summarize?||
Summarizing is a good option when the wording of the original source is less important than the meaning of the source. A summary is typically a brief overview of the text (or portion of text) and is very flexible. A summary is a good option for the following reasons:
Note: As with paraphrasing, avoid keeping the same structure of the original material or merely just changing some of the words. Stay true to the meaning of the original material and avoid adding your own ideas into a paraphrase.
This material has been adapted from the University of Houston Victoria: Decide When to Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize.
|What does summarizing look like?||
This example of summarizing came from Duke Libraries' Summarizing (page no longer available; redirects to "Citing Sources" 7/26/13).
|How do I summarize?||
Note: The materials presented in this section have been adapted from Purdue OWL's: Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing, Colorado State University's: Summarizing Source Material, (page no longer available; redirects to "Writing Guides" 7/7/14) and Duke Libraries': Summarizing (page no longer available; redirects to "Citing Sources" 7/26/13).