Headlines can be outrageous in an effort to get clicks. Reading beyond the headline and first paragraph can be very important.
Some things to look for:
Dates are important for news. Here are some things to look for:
Chainsawsuit comic by Kris Straub, from Sept. 16, 2014
Personal bias is perhaps the hardest part of being a smart consumer of news.
We all like to read things that validate our own beliefs. However, our biases can keep us from taking a hard look at fake news when it confirms what we already think.
You don't have to agree with everything that you read, but sometimes making the best case you can for a perspective or argument that conflicts with your own beliefs and perceptions will help you make your own arguments better.
Here are some strategies to try moving beyond our biases: